This article provides historic information about the dwarfs mentioned in German fairytales. In fact, a group of short Venetian miners ventured into Germany to mine for oars needed for the famous Venetian glass. As a protective helmet, they wore stuffed hats as described in the fairytales. Their language was not understood in Germany. Hence, a myth developed around this exotic group. The text is written for native speakers age 8 and up.
This scientific article explains the historical background and the spreading of the legend. It starts with lady Kunigunde who, after the death of her husband, falls in love with Albrecht the Handsome from Nuremberg. After a misunderstanding she kills her two children from the first marriage. Albrecht leaves her and she dies of sorrow over her dead and her fate. Ever since she has been spooking in the Plassenburg castle. The legend spread in variations as one of the most popular ghost stories all over Germany and into England. The article is written for native speakers 9 years and up.
This article explains a famous German invention, the Autobahn or the German highway. It compares the history and current features of German highways to former models in the USA and in ancient Rome.
This article highligths the various aspects about cars: history, success, future, manufactoring, and car tires.
This is a historic article illuminating the different groups of people that compose today's Bavarian population ranging from ancient Rome 2000 years ago to people coming from all over Europe 1500 years ago. In the second half of the text the rural living style is being explained along with archeological research methods.
This is a scientific report discussing the history of the bicydle starting with the treadwheel by Karl Drais over the velocipede to the modern bicycle. The text is written in childfriendly language for children 8 and up.
This article explains different aspects of an important German tradition: Fasching or Carnival. It provides several possible versions of its origin, the tradition of carnival royalties, and the invention of confetti and streamers. Audio texts supply additional information on some of the topics. The text is written in child-friendly language. The audio texts are spoken at a slow rate.
This article explains the history of the profession of a charcoal burner and the process of creating charcoal. Charcoal burner is a traditional but almost extinct profession in Germany. The famous fairytale "The Cold Heart" is spun around a charcoal burner and thus became integral part of German tradition. The text is written for native speakers age 9 and up.
This article describes the history of the Germans’ favorite sport: soccer. It dates back to China 2,000 years ago and underwent several alterations until the current rules were invented 150 years ago in England. The text closes with the manufacturing process of soccer balls are manufactured and quality improvements over time. The article was written for native speakers 8 years and up.
This article is a brief biography of Albert Einstein elaborating the most important stations and events in his life: school time, theory of relativity, the importance of music in his life, the time of National Socialism in Germany, the nuclear bomb, and the world formula. Links to other pages provide more detailed information about some of the sections. The text is written for native speakers of age 10 years and up.
This scientific report explains the history and the technology of the modern fountain pen. Fountain pens are widely used in Germany starting in the first years of school. They are considered part of the German life style and culture. The article is written for children 9 years and up.
This article starts by explaining that air actually has weight, because it consists of minute particles that are distributed unevenly - especially based on different altitudes. Then the reader learns that changes in air pressure can be felt in the eardrum. As an extension, the article provides the instructions for an experiment with an air filled toothpaste tube that is taken on a mountain top.
This is a scientific article with supporting audiofiles depicting two important features of bats: communication through ultrasound and sleeping upside down. One audio file per section provides additional information and interviews with a specialists from the Nuremberg Zoo. The written and spoken text is child friendly appropriate for childen age 8 and up.
This scientific article describes various aspects of bees. It starts with specialized functions within the bee population. It then elaborates how bees manage to survive the winter and keep the bee hive warm. The next section discusses the tasks of bee keepers. Finally, current threats to bees are mentioned. Three embedded audio files provide additional information to some of the sections. The text is child-friendly and created for children 8 years and up.
This article illustrates the question how and why blowfish can pump themselves up to more than double their volume. It provides details about the scales which have turned into spikes that so that the fish can turn it into ball in situations of danger. The article also mentions that the fish is very poisonous but yet considered a delicacy in Japan with the poisounous parts cut out. The article is written for native speakers age 8 and up.
This article is divided into four parts. The first parts explains the structural features of bones and their role to physically support an organism. The second part focuses on the self-healing ability of bones and how broken bones are medically attended. The third part exemplifies how the sceletal and muscular system are connected with the example of the shinbone. The last part explains the astonishing fact that the number of bones shrinks with growing age, since separate bones during infantry grow together later in life into one bone. The text is written for native speakers age 9 and up.
This article provides information about the adaptation of cacti to drought and protection, as well as basic facts about age, distribution, and varieties. Pictures support the text that is written for native speakers age 8 and up.
This scientific article illuminates the adaptation of chameleons to their environment. The text starts with basic facts about the geographic distribution and number of varieties of this species. It then explains how the color pigments in the skin become visible and invisible by cell contraction and how its tongue is adapted to catching prey. The last sections refer to camouflage and the size of the smallest chameleons. The text is child-friendly and written for native speakers 8 years and up.
This article starts with interesting facts about corn. The two next sections focus on the history of corn as a cultivated plant and the multitude of corn varieties and adaptations. The text is written for native speakers age 8 and up.
This is a scientific report with supporting links and audio files. The discussed sections are: Big Bang, the creation of the universe, creation of the solar system and the planet earth. Two audio files describe different creation stories in different traditions and the search for a second planet Earth. The two supporting files deal with the hypothetical questions of what is beyond the universe and what exactly the Big Bang was. The text is written and spoken in child friendly language for children 8 years and up.
This scientific article provides information and picture material to discuss the four functions of feathers: to fly, to protect from water, to protect from cold, to attract females. The text is written in child-friendly language for readers 8 years and up.
This scientific article explains the ethymology, the origin, and the retrieval of fossiles in quarries. An audio link provides an impression of children looking for fossiles in a quarry. The article is written for native speakers age 8 and up. The audio is spoken at a natural pace.
This glossary explains terms that are best-known to Germans about Indian culture and tradition in general: buffalo, feather, pipe of peace, moccasin, umbilical cord bag, Pemikan, Pow Wow, snow shoe, tipi, and totem pole. An audio link provides further information about dances at Pow Wows. The text is written for native speakers age 9 and up.
This article startswith illuminating the spectrum of visible and invisible light. It then defines the electromagnetic nature of light in form of minute energy packages. In the last section the text focuses on the danger of sunlight, which is mostly in the invisible part of the spectrum - the ultraviolet light. The article is written for native speakers age 8 and up.
This article opens with the question how to not lose orientation on an ocean with no landmarks nearby. The next section explains how longitudes and latitudes help for orientation in combination with information about time and the position of the sun. The last paragraph illustrates why longitudes were established only 250 years ago due to lack of exact clocks. The article is written for native speakers age 9 and up.
This article compares naturally occuring magnets with industrially produced magnets. It then explains how magnets attract metals and how a compass works. The text is written for native speakers age 8 and up.
This scientific article illuminates different features of owls: silent flight as an adaptation to night hunt, food, European varieties, social life, adaptation to night sight and hearing as well as the turning head. An audio report provides additional information. The text is appropriate for children age 10 and up.
This is a reading text describing alpine cattle raising. It explains how temporary farm workers - Senners - are hired for only four months during the short Alpine summer to attend to herds of cows on meadows in higher altitudes. Besides descriptions about the labor also the ceremonial driving down of cattle from the pastures back into the valley and the rich traditions linked to this event are elaborated in text and picture. An audio recording of this event can be clicked. The text is child-friendly, written for native speakers 10 years and up.
This is a scientific article providing the most important facts about ants. Areas of focus are: specialization and organization within the state, localization and communication, physical features, defense. The article is well structured with headers and sub headers. Each section is illustrated with a photography. The text is written in child-friendly language and aims at native speakers of 10 years and up.
This scientific article discusses several aspects of blood. It explains how to calculate the typical amount of blood by bodyweight, the channel system of veins and arteries, medical conclusions from blood exams, the reasons for bleeding nose and black spots. In the last part, the different components of blood are explained, such as red and white blood cells. Links to additional pages provide more detailed information on some of the sections. The text is written in child-friendly language for native speakers age 8 and up.
This scientific article explains the features and functions of the human brain. It explains the physical features of the brain and how it is connected to the rest of the nervous system. More information regarding its vegetative functions, the processing speed, and moods provide further information. The text is written for native speakers 9 years and up.
This article illustrates one of the most typical and important German types of food: bread. The text explains different types of grain used for bread production, the processing of grains to flour, and the ingredients of bread. Audio links provide additional information on some of the sections. The text is in child-friendly language and appropriate for native speakers 8 years and up.
This scientific article explains various aspects that are important to understand diabetes. The discussed aspects are definition of carbohydrates and calculation of carbohydrate units in food, the path of carbohydrates into the body and the role of insulin in breaking down the carbohydrates, diabetes as an inability to produce enough or any insulin, the different types of diabetes, and how to control diabetes. Links to other pages and audio recordings provide additional information. The text is written in child-friendly language and appropriate for children 9 years and up.
This scientific article merges a report about the discovery of a well preserved baby dinosaur fossile in the city of Kelheim, Germany, with general information about the definition and origin of fossils as well as a description of theropodes. An audio report is read by children and and adult expert at a natural pace. The article is written for children 9 years and up.
This scientific article discusses three different hypothesis regarding the extinction of dinosaurs: 1. a meteor impact, 2. a vulcanic eruption, 3. a slow evolutional change makes space for new species. A weblink opens a page with interview questions directed to a German dinosaur researcher. The text child-friendly and appropriate for children of age 8 and up.
This scientific article discusses two aspects about the sphere shape of our planet: the Earth concept through history of science and gravity as the source for ball-shaped structures in the universe. The text is written in child-friendly language for native readers age 9 and up.
This scientific article provides an overview over static electricty. It starts with the discovery of static electricity and the ethymology of the word "electron." Then two different experiments are explained based on static electricity. In the last part the article explains the phenomenon on a molecular level. The text is written for native speakers age 9 and up.
This article describes why the eyes, nose, mouth, and ears are located where they are. The first focuses on the paired organs for spatial perception. Further links lead to articles that elaborate on the topics, first perceived sounds as a baby, uncomfortable noises, and water in the ear. The last part describes the phenomenon that we are breathing through two nostrils. The text is written in child-friendly language for children 10 and up.
This scientific article touches several different flower features and functions. It starts with the color and the attraction to different pollinators. It then explains how colors are produced in flowers and how scents attract insects. It also discusses how the scent emission varies throughout the day and how different animals perceive different odors. The text is written in child-friendly language for native speakers of 8 years and up.
This scientific article describes the different adaptations of flies to their environmental challenges. It explains the funtion of legs as taste and movement sensors, the spead of processing in a fly brain, and territorial behavior. Additional links provide supportive information for each of the sections. The text is written for native speakers age 8 and up.