In this lesson, students will use information to draw conclusions from maps, charts, and graphs. After analyzing the information, they will determine the 1860 election results and the impact of the results on the Civil War.
In this activity, students learn about different types of water erosion and develop strategies to slow down erosion where man is involved.
In this activity, students learn about different types of wind and ice erosion and explain the difference between weathering and erosion.
In this lesson, students experiment with representative materials to understand crustal interactions. By the end of the lesson, students will be able to list and draw the three types of plate interactions and name one landform that results from each plate interaction.
In this lesson, students will perform experiments to see how each river channel shape is formed and identify examples of the different shapes in nature or in photos.
In this lesson, students demonstrate how different valleys are formed by flowing water or ice. Students list the erosional processes that form valleys and identify the landform in photos or in nature.
In this lesson, students experiment with evaporation of fresh and salt water and investigate factors that influence the rate of evaporation.
In this lesson, students create pie-shaped landforms and understand how and where they form. Students will distinguish between alluvial fans and deltas by their depositional environments.
In this activity, students learn how rate of cooling affects what type of rock forms. Students will be introduced to igneous rocks, how they form, what the different types are and how to identify them.
In this lesson, students create their own supercontinents by fitting modern continents together according to shape and plant and animal similarities.
In this activity, students will be introduced to the environments in which different sedimentary rocks form and relate these environments to the history of the rock. They will present histories from sequences of rock layers.
In this activity, students see how broad uplifted areas break up, forming plateaus such as those on the Colorado Plateau.
In this activity, each collaborative group of students is given a sample of sand and asked to determine how old the sand is by keying out "fossils" (plastic animals) the sand contains. Once each group has dated their sand, groups will work together to stack all the containers of sand in order from oldest to youngest.
In this activity, students explore cloud formation and precipitation by observing and recording weather data, as well as setting up a "cloud chamber" to observe evaporated water vapor as it condenses and precipitates.
In this activity, students are given random fossil pieces and asked to compare them to living animals of today in order to determine what the fossil animal did and ate, where it lived, and how it defended itself.
In this activity, students observe how rock properties change from rock type to rock type due to different processes. Students will diagram the rock cycle and label the stresses that cause change between each rock type.
In this activity, students demonstrate how water flows on the surface as part of the hydrologic cycle. Students will observe how water gathers in channels and learn how to measure watersheds in terms of magnitude.
In this lesson, students experiment with how tectonic forces form mountains. Students will recreate each landform made by drawing it on paper or using foam strips to model. After performing the force needed to create different landforms, students will label on paper the direction of the movement of the rock corresponding to each force.
In this lesson, students use common tests to determine different rock types and identify unknown rock or mineral specimens.
In this activity, students dissect a chocolate-covered candy and then create a labeled diagram to describe how each layer of the candy relates to an Earth layer.
In this activity, students are introduced to water and its three phases - solid, liquid, vapor. Students will use their senses to observe, taste, feel, and describe water, and their imaginations to understand the concepts of water's phases.
In this lesson, students will construct a house in the same way ancient pueblo people did using resources according to their availability and specific properties. Students will understand the importance of knowing rock and mineral properties in order to determine usefulness.
In this lesson, students list the responsibilities of African-American soldiers in the Revolution, discuss the contributions of at least three African-Americans of the era.
In this lesson, students research inventions that played a role in the development of homesteads and their impact on agriculture. This activity begins on page 6 of the PDF.
In this lesson, students identify the events that led to the decision to send a man to the moon, examine some of the work necessary to make the Apollo project possible, evaluate arguments for preserving historic sites relating to the space program, and discuss comparable debates about preserving places in their own community that are associated with recent history.
In this lesson, students will gain an understanding of the events and outcome of the Battle of Cowpens. They will also understand how the geographic features of the land played into the decision to stand and fight, as well as how those features helped the Patriots win the battle. Students will furthermore better understand the role of Daniel Morgan and how his leadership style further cemented a victory. Students will practice reading and speaking skills as well.