- Subject:
- Mathematics
- Material Type:
- Full Course
- Provider:
- Pearson
- Date Added:
- 11/02/2020

# 4 Results

Ratios

Type of Unit: Concept

Prior Knowledge

Students should be able to:

Calculate with whole numbers up to 100 using all four operations.

Understand fraction notation and percents and translate among fractions, decimal numbers, and percents.

Interpret and use a number line.

Use tables to solve problems.

Use tape diagrams to solve problems.

Sketch and interpret graphs.

Write and interpret equations.

Lesson Flow

The first part of the unit begins with an exploration activity that focuses on a ratio as a way to compare the amount of egg and the amount of flour in a mixture. The context motivates a specific understanding of the use of, and need for, ratios as a way of making comparisons between quantities. Following this lesson, the usefulness of ratios in comparing quantities is developed in more detail, including a contrast to using subtraction to find differences. Students learn to interpret and express ratios as fractions, as decimal numbers, in a:b form, in words, and as data; they also learn to identify equivalent ratios.

The focus of the middle part of the unit is on the tools used to represent ratio relationships and on simplifying and comparing ratios. Students learn to use tape diagrams first, then double number lines, and finally ratio tables and graphs. As these tools are introduced, students use them in problem-solving contexts to solve ratio problems, including an investigation of glide ratios. Students are asked to make connections and distinctions among these forms of representation throughout these lessons. Students also choose a ratio project in this part of the unit (Lesson 8).

The third and last part of the unit covers understanding percents, including those greater than 100%.

Students have ample opportunities to check, deepen, and apply their understanding of ratios, including percents, with the selection of problems in the Gallery.

- Subject:
- Mathematics
- Statistics and Probability
- Provider:
- Pearson

Students watch a video in which a double number line is used to solve a problem about getting the right amount of protein mix. Using the double number line is an example of modeling with mathematics, which is Mathematical Practice 4.Key ConceptsA double number line shows corresponding values for two variable quantities with a constant ratio between them. Each pair of tick marks that go together shows a ratio equivalent to all of the other ratios between corresponding tick marks.Goals and Learning ObjectivesWatch an example of students using mathematics to model a relationship between quantities (MP4).Use a double number line to solve a problem.Use a double number line to deepen understanding of equivalence in the context of a relationship between quantities with a constant ratio.SWD: Some students with disabilities will benefit from a preview of the goals in each lesson. Students can highlight the critical features and/or concepts and will help them to pay close attention to salient information.

- Material Type:
- Lesson Plan
- Author:
- Pearson
- Date Added:
- 11/02/2020

Students use double number lines to model relationships and to solve ratio problems.Key ConceptsDouble number line diagrams are useful for visualizing ratio relationships between two quantities. They are best used when the quantities have different units. (The unit rate appears paired with 1.) Double number line diagrams help students more easily “see” that there are many equivalent forms of the same ratio.Goals and Learning ObjectivesUnderstand double number line diagrams as a way to visually compare two quantities.Use double number line diagrams to solve ratio problems.

- Material Type:
- Lesson Plan
- Author:
- Pearson
- Date Added:
- 11/02/2020