GEDB The Global Food Crisis: Gaining Perspective: Mock Oxfam Hunger Banquet (Lesson 3 of 5)
Students will understand the many economic and social obstacles that impact the global food crisis. Students will participate in a mock Oxfam Hunger Banquet to better understand perspectives of many who are affected by the crisis. This lesson was developed by Emily Waddington as part of their completion of the North Carolina Global Educator Digital Badge program. This lesson plan has been vetted at the local and state level for standards alignment, Global Education focus, and content accuracy.
Students will understand the many economic and social obstacles that impact the global food crisis. Students will participate in a mock Oxfam Hunger Banquet to better understand perspectives of many who are affected by the crisis.
Learning Targets and Criteria for Success
Learning Targets/Criteria for Success:
-I can recognize my own perspectives about a topic and share my views with others.
-I can identify multiple perspectives in relation to the global food crisis.
-I can analyze how perspective affects how people react to different situations, events or issues.
Criteria for Success:
-I will actively participate in a mock hunger banquet.
-I will contribute in a class discussion about the mock hunger banquet by providing my insight and feedback.
-I will reflect on the mock hunger banquet using Collaborize Classroom by posting to the discussion forum and respond to at least two other classmates’ discussion thread.
-World Food Banquet Script (found in appendix B of the planning kit)
-3 types of cereal or some other food to represent high, middle, low income group
-Oxfam’s Hunger Banquet Planning Kit - https://www.oxfamamerica.org/take-action/events/oxfam-hunger-banquet/
-Mock Oxfam Hunger Banquet SlideShare: https://www.slideshare.net/secret/onJOqlRTGqzgAi
Explanation of Resources/Strategies:
-Oxfam: “Oxfam is a global movement of people working together to end the injustice of poverty. With 70 years of experience in more than 90 countries, Oxfam takes on the big issues that keep people poor: inequality, discrimination, and unequal access to resources including food, water, and land. We help people save lives in disasters, build stronger futures for themselves, and hold the powerful accountable” (“About Oxfam”).
-Collaborize Classroom: www.collaborizeclassroom.com – Collaborize is a free collaborative education platform for teachers and students. Structured conversations: take a poll, hold a debate, post a practice test or let students support their arguments. Collaborize Classroom is no longer active. Alternatives include Google Classroom and Seesaw.
-Gallery Walk: Alternative to collaborize classroom if access to computers are limited. A gallery walk is a discussion technique that allows students to be actively engaged as they walk throughout the classroom. They work together in small groups to share ideas and respond to meaningful questions, documents, images, problem-solving situations or texts.
"About Oxfam." Oxfam America. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Apr. 2017.
"Host or Attend an Oxfam Hunger Banquet®." Oxfam America. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Apr. 2017.
Learning Tasks and Practice
-Buy cereal or some other representation of food for three different income tiers. Example: Rice Krispies for low income, Cocoa Krispies for middle income, and Captain Crunch for high income
-Print the world food banquet planning kit provided by Oxfam, paying attention to Appendix B: Sample Oxfam Hunger Banquet Script.
-Print role cards on cardstock in three different colors, each representing a different income tier. World Development Report statistics determined the percentage for each tier. Set up cards depending on the number of students. 15 percent of students should be in the high-income tier and served the “gourmet” meal. 25 percent of students should be in the middle-income tier and served the “simple” meal. 60 percent of students should be in the low-income tier and served the smallest portion and most basic meal.
Upon entering the classroom, students will randomly receive a role card based on the three income tiers (high, middle, low) and they will sit in the area associated with that tier.
Display on board where students will sit based on their income tier:
High Income: sit on top of the desk on the right side of the room
Middle Income: sit in the chairs at the desk on the left side of the room
Low Income: sit on the floor in the front of the room
Start by displaying and reading the “Hard to Swallow” slide from the Hunger Banquet SlideShare.
The direct instruction piece of this lesson will come at the end. Students will experience the mock hunger banquet without much teacher input at the beginning. Explanation about the purpose of the banquet will come later.
Oxfam Hunger Banquet Sample Script:
Begin the hunger banquet by following the Oxfam Hunger Banquet script. Guide the discussion using the script and scenarios, which will be followed throughout the banquet. Each income group will be provided with a “meal” that reflects what is typical of their income (Rice Krispies for low income, Cocoa Krispies for middle income, and Captain Crunch for high income). The hunger banquet demonstrates to students “how forces beyond a person’s control can cause them to move from one tier to another—either up or down” (Oxfam Hunger Banquet Planning Kit). Modify the script as needed depending on the time, money, and amount of resources available.
Discussion (After script has been read and demonstration is complete):
Discuss the moving up/down the tiers with the scenario cards. Explain to students that this demonstrates how forces beyond a person’s control can cause them to move from one tier to another--either up or down.
Ask specific questions to each tier:
-1st tier: “How did you feel with an ‘abundance’ of food?”
-3rd tier: “What would you propose to make the distribution of food more equal?”
Discussion Questions – Ask to class:
- “Do you think people in the third tier are there because they don’t work hard? If not, why do you think the people in the third tier are there?”
- “Has anyone witnessed poverty?”
- “How do you think the personal choices we make impact this unequal distribution?”
Say to students: “The Oxfam Hunger Banquet is a real event that different organizations put on to create a dramatic, interactive simulation that enables participants to experience the event of global poverty, the degree of inequality in the world, and the interconnectedness of the three income tiers.”
Students will now reflect on the hunger banquet, particularly focusing their thinking on perspective. Using collaborize classroom, students will post to a discussion forum.
Collaborize classroom discussion link:
Discussion forum includes the following questions:
-List the tier you belonged to during the mock Oxfam Hunger Banquet.
-Begin answering the question by describing how you felt being placed in a tier you were unfamiliar with. What was this perspective like?
-By participating in this banquet, how did your perspective about the global food crisis change?
After giving students time to reflect and post to the forum, lead them to comment/respond to two other posts. Remind students that their comments should be appropriate, respectful, and insightful.
If access to collaborize classroom is unavailable, students can journal the answers to the questions in their notebooks. After journaling, students can do a gallery walk by walking around the classroom and reading peer responses. Have students respond in writing to at least two other classmates.
Close lesson by reviewing posts on the discussion forum. Discussion should be focused on perspective and how our perspective quickly can change once we have empathy towards others who are different from us.
*Most parts of this lesson were authored/created by Oxfam America. Information linked below.
Have students write a realistic fiction diary/journal entry from the perspective of the tier they belonged to during the mock hunger banquet. Guide students to imagine what a day in the life of someone from this tier would be thinking, feeling, and/or wondering.
Collecting and Documenting Evidence of Learning
-Teacher observation during Oxfam Hunger Banquet demonstration
-Student responses during discussion after Oxfam Hunger Banquet
-Collaborize Classroom discussion forum or journal writing with gallery walk