Kristine Garvey
Reading Literature
Material Type:
Homework/Assignment, Reading
Upper Primary
3, 4
  • EmergingCRT
  • Fable
  • Moral
  • Theme
    Creative Commons Attribution
    Media Formats:
    Downloadable docs, Text/HTML

    Education Standards

    Teaching Theme with the fable "The Dove and the Ant"


    Students determine the moral/lesson of "The Dove and the Ant" and answer guiding questions. Two mini extensions are included that integrate culture into the lesson. 

    Teaching theme using the text "The Dove and the Ant"

    Have students read the fable "The Dove and the Ant". There are many versions of this fable available online as well as student friendly videos. Choose the versions that best meet your needs. The guiding questions can be used with any of these versions. The version used here can be found in the Journeys basal Unit 3 (Houghton Mifflin Harcourt).

    Discuss the meaning of the terms fable and moral. Show the students other fable examples or draw from previous lessons on fables to give the students a solid foundation of what a fable is and how common themes can come from these, "The Lion and the Mouse" is a good comparison for this text. 

    Students complete guiding questions. The research question is an extension/enrichment acitvity for a cross curriculur connection.

    Before Reading: To prepare students for the fable, have each student create a circle map for the word 'ant.' Allow students to write down everything and anything that comes to mind when they think of the insect. Ask students to share some of their thoughts and ask questions such as "How big is an ant?" "Could a tiny insect like an ant have an effect on something large, like an animal or a human?" 

    During Reading: Find several versions of the fable "The Dove and the Ant" and allow students to read the fable in small groups (teacher can choose to use one version of the "The Dove and the Ant" if it meets the needs of all students). Students can complete the Guiding Questions as they read in their small groups. 

    After Reading: If the teacher chose to use various versions of the fable, groups can present a summary of their fable and then the class can have a discussion about differences between each. After (or if using the same version), have the class come back together to discuss the Guided Questions. 

    Extension Activities: 
    1. Research question prompt found on the Guided Questions p.2. 

    2. Relating to current event - Have students research a current event that is affecting a large group of people. Students should use the idea of the small ant was able to have a large impact to think of a way he or she can help the situation at hand for the current event. 

    Read the fable, "The Dove and the Ant". Complete the guiding questions based on what you have read. Once completed you will need to complete the research question prompt on page 2.