T4T How Many Daisies?

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Task excerpt:


Operations and Algebraic Thinking


Represent and solve problems.

Understand and apply the properties of operations.

Add and subtract within 20.


NC.1.OA.1 Represent and solve addition and subtraction word problems, within 20, with unknowns, by using objects, drawings, and equations with a symbol for the unknown number to represent the problem, when solving:

• Add to/Take from-Change Unknown

• Put together/Take Apart-Addend Unknown

• Compare-Difference Unknown

NC.1.OA.4 Solve an unknown-addend problem, within 20, by using addition strategies and/or changing it to a subtraction problem

NC.1.OA.6 Add and subtract, within 20, using strategies such as:

• Counting on

• Making ten

• Decomposing a number leading to a ten

• Using the relationship between addition and subtraction

• Using a number line

            • Creating equivalent but simpler or known sums

Put Together-Take Apart/Addend Unknown


SF, cubes or counters, pencil


Provide materials to the student. Read the problem to the student: 17 flowers are in the vase.
8 are roses and the rest are daisies. How many daises are in the vase?
Write a number sentence that matches this story. Use a symbol for the unknown number. Once an equation is written, say:  Solve the problem and show your thinking with pictures, numbers, or words.


Continuum of Understanding


Not Yet Proficient

Response includes 0-1 of the descriptors in “Meets Expectations”

Strategies Used:

q  Trial and Error

q  Counting All

q  Counting On

q  Think-Addition

q  Makes Tens

q  Basic Facts

q  Creates easier or known sums

q  Doubles

q  Doubles +/- 1, 2

q  Other:



Response includes 2 of the descriptors in “Meets Expectations”


Meets Expectations

Response includes all the descriptors in “Meets Expectations”

·         Correctly solves the problem: 9 daisies

·         Clearly explains using strategies such as basic facts, near-doubles, making tens and/or the relationship between addition and subtraction (instead of counting all)

·         Equation is accurate (e.g., 8 + * = 17; 17 = 8 + *)


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