This challenging problem and brainteaser gives first graders an opportunity to compose and decompose squares.
This instructional task gives students a hands-on experience with composing and decomposing geometric figures.
Type of Unit: Concept
Students should be able to:
Write and evaluate simple expressions that record calculations with numbers.
Use parentheses, brackets, or braces in numerical expressions and evaluate expressions with these symbols.
Interpret numerical expressions without evaluating them.
Students learn to write and evaluate numerical expressions involving the four basic arithmetic operations and whole-number exponents. In specific contexts, they create and interpret numerical expressions and evaluate them. Then students move on to algebraic expressions, in which letters stand for numbers. In specific contexts, students simplify algebraic expressions and evaluate them for given values of the variables. Students learn about and use the vocabulary of algebraic expressions. Then they identify equivalent expressions and apply properties of operations, such as the distributive property, to generate equivalent expressions. Finally, students use geometric models to explore greatest common factors and least common multiples.
Students use a rectangular area model to understand the distributive property. They watch a video to find how to express the area of a rectangle in two different ways. Then they find the area of rectangular garden plots in two ways.Key ConceptsThe distributive property can be used to rewrite an expression as an equivalent expression that is easier to work with. The distributive property states that multiplication distributes over addition.Applying multiplication to quantities that have been combined by addition: a(b + c)Applying multiplication to each quantity individually, and then adding the products together: ab + acThe distributive property can be represented with a geometric model. The area of this rectangle can be found in two ways: a(b + c) or ab + ac. The equality of these two expressions, a(b + c) = ab + ac, is the distributive property.Goals and Learning ObjectivesUse a geometric model to understand the distributive property.Write equivalent expressions using the distributive property.
Four full-year digital course, built from the ground up and fully-aligned to the Common Core State Standards, for 7th grade Mathematics. Created using research-based approaches to teaching and learning, the Open Access Common Core Course for Mathematics is designed with student-centered learning in mind, including activities for students to develop valuable 21st century skills and academic mindset.
Constructions and Angles
Type of Unit: Concept
Students should be able to:
Use a protractor and ruler.
Identify different types of triangles and quadrilaterals and their characteristics.
After an initial exploratory lesson involving a paper folding activity that gets students thinking in general about angles and figures in a context, the unit is divided into two concept development sections. The first section focuses on types of angles—adjacent, supplementary, complementary, and vertical—and how they are manifested in quadrilaterals. The second section looks at triangles and their properties, including the angle sum, and how this affects other figures.
In the first set of conceptual lessons, students explore different types of angles and where the types of angles appear in quadrilaterals. Students fold paper and observe the angles formed, draw given angles, and explore interactive sketches that test many cases. Students use a protractor and ruler to draw parallelograms with given properties. They explore sketches of parallelograms with specific properties, such as perpendicular diagonals. After concluding the investigation of the angle types, students move on to the next set.
In the second set of conceptual development lessons, students focus on triangles. Students again fold paper to create figures and certain angles, such as complementary angles.
Students draw, using a protractor and ruler, other triangles with given properties. Students then explore triangles with certain known and unknown elements, such as the number of given sides and angles. This process starts with paper folding and drawing and continues with exploration of interactive sketches. Students draw conclusions about which cases allow 0, 1, 2, or an infinite number of triangles. In the course of the exploration, students discover that the sum of the measure of the interior angles of a triangle is 180°. They also learn that the sum of the measures of the interior angles of a quadrilateral is 360°. They explore other polygons to find their angle sum and determine if there is a relationship to angle sum of triangles. The exploration concludes with finding the measure of the interior angles of regular polygons and speculating about how this relates to a circle.
Lastly, students solve equations to find unknown angle measures. Using their previous experience, students find the remaining angle measures in a parallelogram when only one angle measure is given. Students also play a game similar to 20 Questions to identify types of triangles and quadrilaterals. Having completed the remaining lessons, students have a four-day Gallery to explore a variety of problems.
The unit ends with a unit assessment.
Students learn how the diagonals of a rhombus are related. They use interactive sketches to learn about the properties of the angles and diagonals of squares, rectangles, rhombuses, parallelograms, and other quadrilaterals.Key ConceptsThe sum of the measures of the angles of all quadrilaterals is 360°.The alternate angles (nonadjacent angles) of rhombuses and parallelograms have the same measure.The measure of the angles of rectangles and squares is 90°.The consecutive angles of parallelograms and rhombuses are supplementary. This applies to squares and rectangles as well.The diagonals of a parallelogram bisect each other.The diagonals of a rectangle are congruent and bisect each other.The diagonals of a rhombus bisect each other and are perpendicular.Goals and Learning ObjectivesMeasure the angles formed by the intersection of the diagonals of a rhombus.Explore the relationships of the angles of different squares, rectangles, rhombuses, parallelograms, and other quadrilaterals.Explore the relationships of the diagonals of different squares, rectangles, rhombuses, parallelograms, and other quadrilaterals.
Zooming In On Figures
Type of Unit: Concept; Project
Length of Unit: 18 days and 5 days for project
Students should be able to:
Find the area of triangles and special quadrilaterals.
Use nets composed of triangles and rectangles in order to find the surface area of solids.
Find the volume of right rectangular prisms.
After an initial exploratory lesson that gets students thinking in general about geometry and its application in real-world contexts, the unit is divided into two concept development sections: the first focuses on two-dimensional (2-D) figures and measures, and the second looks at three-dimensional (3-D) figures and measures.
The first set of conceptual lessons looks at 2-D figures and area and length calculations. Students explore finding the area of polygons by deconstructing them into known figures. This exploration will lead to looking at regular polygons and deriving a general formula. The general formula for polygons leads to the formula for the area of a circle. Students will also investigate the ratio of circumference to diameter ( pi ). All of this will be applied toward looking at scale and the way that length and area are affected. All the lessons noted above will feature examples of real-world contexts.
The second set of conceptual development lessons focuses on 3-D figures and surface area and volume calculations. Students will revisit nets to arrive at a general formula for finding the surface area of any right prism. Students will extend their knowledge of area of polygons to surface area calculations as well as a general formula for the volume of any right prism. Students will explore the 3-D surface that results from a plane slicing through a rectangular prism or pyramid. Students will also explore 3-D figures composed of cubes, finding the surface area and volume by looking at 3-D views.
The unit ends with a unit examination and project presentations.
Students critique their work from the Self Check and redo the task after receiving feedback. Students then take a quiz to review the goals of the unit.Key ConceptsStudents understand how to find the area of figures such as rectangles and triangles. They have applied that knowledge to finding the area of composite figures and regular polygons. The area of regular polygons was extended to understand the area of a circle. Students also applied ratio and proportion to interpret scale drawings and redraw them at a different scale.GoalsCritique and revise student work.Apply skills learned in the unit.Understand two-dimensional measurements:Area of composite figures, including regular polygons.Area and circumference of circles.Interpret scale drawings and redraw them at a different scale.SWD: Make sure all students have the prerequisite skills for the activities in this lesson.Students should understand these domain-specific terms:composite figuresregular polygonsareacircumferencescale drawingstwo dimensionalIt may be helpful to preteach these terms to students with disabilities.ELL: As academic vocabulary is reviewed, be sure to repeat it and allow students to repeat after you as needed. Consider writing the words as they are being reviewed. Allow enough time for ELLs to check their dictionaries if they wish.
This challenging problem and brainteaser gives students an opportunity to compose and decompose polygons to make rectangles.
This task provides a context for indentifying different ways of representing half of a rectangle.
This resource is part of Tools4NCTeachers.
After reading the story, The Silly Story of Goldilocks and the Three Squares, students identify and describe shapes in a variety of orientations.
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This lesson is from Tools for NC Teachers. In this lesson, students consider the relationship between area and perimeter by trying to decide whether a shape can have a perimeter and area that are numerically the same.
This resource is part of Tools4NCTeachers.
This lesson engages students in recognizing and identifying the properties of plane geometric figures. Students should learn that the properties of a shape to determine its name.
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This resource is from Tools4NCTeachers. This is a set of four tasks, which may be used for instruction or assessment. Each file contains a separate task, rubric, and recording sheets. Students are asks to parittion shapes into equal parts, with a focus on halves and fourths.Remix this resource to include extension ideas or addtional tasks.
This resource is from Tools4NCTeachers. This file contains a set of 4 tasks (including scoring rubric, recording sheet, printable materials, and student work samples). The tasks may be used for instruction or assessment. The focus of standard G.3 is on partitioning circles and rectangles into 2, 3, and 4 equal shares. Most of this resource focuses on partitioning rectangles. Please remix this resource to add additional circle tasks. Sharing is caring!
This resource is from Tools4NCTeachers. In this lesson, students create polygons on geoboards and record the polygons on geodot paper. They write riddles about the polygons and have classmates guess their shape. Printable Geodot paper and student work pages are included within this lesson. Remix this lesson to include related math centers and pictures of student work.
This resource is from Tools4NCTeachers. In this lesson students will sort polygons, paying attention to their attributes. They will use geometric vocabulary and identify their sorting rules. Sorting cards, activity sheets, and sample student solutions are included within this lesson.
This resource is from Tools4NCTeachers. In this lesson, students will determine ways to partition a sandwich into two equal parts and determine if the halves are the same size. Then students will work with partners to determine different ways to partition a sandwich into fourths and prove that the fourths are equal shares. Sample student work and recording sheets are provided within this lesson.Remix this lesson to share extension activities and related math centers.