Author:
CASSANDRA DAVIS
Subject:
English Language Arts, Reading Informational Text
Material Type:
Activity/Lab, Lesson, Presentation
Level:
Upper Primary
Grade:
3, 4
Tags:
  • #NCDLS
  • Text Structure
  • ncdls
  • License:
    Creative Commons Attribution
    Language:
    English
    Media Formats:
    Downloadable docs, Video

    Education Standards

    Remix - Types of Text Structure and Scavenger Hunt

    Overview

    Part 1 of this lesson will teach students about the 5 different types of text structures through videos, slide presentation, discussion, and note-taking. Part 1 will take approximately 5 days.

    Part 2 of this lesson is a small-group scavener hunt (in the classroom or media center) for examples of each type of text structure. Groups will then present and defend their examples to the class. Part 2 will take 2-3 days. 

    Part 1 - Learning About the 5 Types of Text Structure

    The teacher will follow this multi-day lesson plan outline. Teacher will provide students with note-taking sheet that they will use each day.

    Teacher will use the included PowerPoint presentation and the video clips included in the lesson plan outline to teach the 5 types of text structure.

    An optional handout is provided that links text structures with corresponding graphic organizers.

    E.Q / I CanStandard/Skills
    I can identify and explain different structures used in informational text.RI.4.5 Describe the overall structure of events, ideas, concepts, or information in a text or part of a text.
    Content Vocabulary: Text Structure, Cause, Effect, Compare, Contrast, Description, Sequence, Chronological Order, Problem, Solution
    Day 1
    Introduce Vocabulary with PPT.Activating Strategy: Ask students to Turn & Talk: What do you know about text structure?I DO: Explain to students that we are switching gears to nonfiction. Nonfiction readers think about how texts are organized. Authors organize their writing in certain ways to help readers better understand the text. This is called text structure.Play Text Structure VideoWE DO: Today we will focus on one type of text structure, Description. Walk through powerpoint. Students will glue note sheet into their notebooks and follow along, filling in the blanks.
    Day 2
    Activating Strategy: Show students an example of a Descriptive text structure from powerpoint. Turn & Talk: What is Text Structure? What type of text structure does this text have? How do you know?I DO: Show Sandlot Video. Have students discuss what the characters are doing. (Ham shows Smalls how to make smores.)Explain to students that today we will focus on another type of text structure, Sequence/Chronological Order.WE DO: Walk through powerpoint. Students will use note sheet to follow along, filling in the blanks.
    Day 3
    Activating Strategy: Show students an example of a Descriptive and Sequence text structure from powerpoint. Turn & Talk: What is Text Structure? What type of text structure does this text have? How do you know?I DO: Show students clip from Matilda. Ask what the creator of this movie is doing throughout the scene (comparing/contrasting how she is growing and changing.Explain to students that today we will focus on another type of text structure, Compare and Contrast.WE DO: Walk through powerpoint. Students will use note sheet to follow along, filling in the blanks.
    Day 4
    Activating Strategy: Show students an example of a Descriptive, Sequence, and Compare/Contrast text structure from powerpoint. Turn & Talk: What is Text Structure? What type of text structure does this text have? How do you know?I DO: Today we will focus on another type of text structure, Cause and Effect. Show Cause and Effect Video.WE DO: Show students clip from Captain Underpants. Allow students to discuss the cause/effect they are seeing. Walk through powerpoint. Students will use note sheet to follow along, filling in the blanks.
    Day 5 Writing
    Activating Strategy: Show students an example of a Descriptive, Sequence, Compare/Contrast, and Cause/Effect text structure from powerpoint. Turn & Talk: What type of text structure does this text have? How do you know?I DO: Show students the clip from The Little Rascals. Ask students if they can identify a new structure. Tell them to think about what they are doing and why.Explain to students that today we will focus on another type of text structure, Problem & SolutionWE DO: Walk through powerpoint. Students will use note sheet to follow along, filling in the blanks.
    Graphic Organizer: Glossary
    Text Structure: How a written piece is put together (constructed)Cause: Something or someone that makessomething happen or produces aneffectEffect: The result of a change or somethingthat happened (what happened)Compare: To look at two or more things and see how they are alikeContrast: To look at two or more things to see how they are differentDescription: The author describes a topic by giving its characteristics or featuresSequence: Describes items or events in order or tells the steps to follow to do something or make something.Chronological Order: Steps in the order in which they happened in the story and usually will appear in autobiographiesProblem: Something that is hard to deal with and must be overcomeSolution: Solving a problem

     

    Part 2 - Scavenger Hunt

    Once students have become familiar with the different types of text structures, break them into small groups and have them do a scavenger hunt for examples of each type of text structure. The teacher can decide if each group will look for examples of all 5 structures, or if groups will seach for only certain types of text structures.

    You will want to provide an opportunity (perhaps on the next day) for students to share their examples from the scavenger hunt. It would be good to have class discussion about whether each artifact selected by the groups does indeed represent the type of text structure that the group thinks it does. Students should refer to their notes for supporting evidence to back up their positions.

    You may want to partner with your school media specialist and hold the scavenger hunt in the media center.

    Determine in advance if you will allow students to use website (in addition to printed texts) to search for different types of text structures.

    Provide students with the Scavenger Hunt sheet and explain that they should place a sticky note on the page that they plan to share with the class as an example of that type of text structure. If students use a webpage, have them copy the URL onto their scavenger hunt sheet in the "title" section. 

    Now that you have learned about the 5 different types of text structures, you will practice your skill in identifying them.

    Work with the people in your group to find examples of the 5 different types of text structures in books/magazines/websites in your classroom (or library). Be sure that everyone in your group agrees on the type of text structure. Use the notes that you have taken about the 5 types of text structures.

    Record your findings on the Scavenger Hunt sheet. Be sure to keep the book and place a sticky note on the page that you would like to show as evidence of the type of text structure. If you use a webpage, write the URL for the webpage in the "Title" section of your scavenger hunt sheet.

    Each group will share their examples with the class. Be sure that you use your notes to support your reasons for why your selected book/article/website is an example of a particualr type of text structure.