Author:
Carrie Robledo, Lisa McCurdy
Subject:
English Language Arts, Science, Social Studies
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Level:
Upper Primary
Tags:
  • 4th Grade
  • ELA
  • Lighthouses
  • NCEngineers
  • Science
  • Social Studies
  • Stem
  • k5engineers
    License:
    Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial Share Alike
    Language:
    English

    Education Standards

    Lighthouses of North Carolina: Research, Build Illuminate!

    Lighthouses of North Carolina: Research, Build Illuminate!

    Overview

    Students will research lighthouses of North Carolina using print and digital resources and create a digital presentation on the NC lighthouse of their choice. After studying basic electric circuits, students will use cardboard and Makedo tools to design and build a model of this lighthouse and wire it to light using a kit of electronic supplies. Students will showcase their final products with friends and family using digital photography, Google Presentations and a screencast video on Flipgrid or another platform of the teacher’s choosing. Students will submit a Seesaw documenting their experience with the Design and Engineering Process while building their lighthouse.

    Instructor Directions

     

     

    Lighthouses of North Carolina: Research, Build Illuminate!

    Lisa McCurdy

    Orange County Schools

      
    Project SummaryStudents will research lighthouses of North Carolina using print and digital resources and create a digital presentation on the NC lighthouse of their choice. After studying basic electric circuits, students will use cardboard and Makedo tools to design and build a model of this lighthouse and wire it to light using a kit of electronic supplies. Students will showcase their final products with friends and family using digital photography, Google Presentations and a screencast video on Flipgrid or another platform of the teacher’s choosing. Students will submit a Seesaw documenting their experience with the Design and Engineering Process while building their lighthouse.
    Estimated Time5-8 classes 45-60 minutes during literacy and/or science classes
    Materials / ResourcesElectricity kit:D cell battery, Battery holder, bulb, bulb holder, switch, wiresWire cutting toolsRulers, yard sticks, tape measuresScience journalsStudent safe Cardboard cutting tools: Klever KutterMakedo Cardboard Construction toolsCardboardPaint, Paper, markers and glueDuct tape and masking tape in limited amountsEpic! Free Online reading         Keep the Lights Burning, Abbie        Lighthouses for Kids        About LighthousesLighthouses of the Carolinas for kids optionalHello Lighthouse book optional Digital resourcesLighthouses of NorthCarolinaLighthouses of North Carolina PDFExample of Student presentationStudent presentation Template PDFModified presentation template PDFLighthouse Contract PDFModified contact PDFDesign and Engineering Process Seesaw ReflectionTeacher generated digital resourcesNC Lighthouse images from Google Explore, UNCTV and Our State Magazine
    Grade4th-grade
    Subject(s)Science & Social Studies
    Educational Standards4.P.2.1 Compare the physical properties of samples of matter (strength, hardness, flexibility, ability to conduct heat, ability to conduct electricity, ability to be attracted by magnets, reactions to water and fire). 4.P.3.1 Recognize the basic forms of energy (light, sound, heat, electrical, and magnetic) as the ability to cause motion or create change. 4.P.3.2 Recognize that light travels in a straight line until it strikes an object or travels from one medium to another, and that light can be reflected, refracted, and absorbed.Social Studies: Maritime economy shipping and defense: 4.G.1.3 Exemplify the interactions of various peoples, places and cultures in terms of adaptation and modification of the environment.(built lighthouses to protect maritime investments)4.H.1.3 Explain how people, events and developments brought about changes to communities in various regions of N.C.(coast developed first bc of shipping)(In Civil War lighthouses were sabotaged)4.G.1.4 Explain the impact of technology (communication, transportation, inventions, etc.) on North Carolina’s citizens, past and present. ( lighthouses to protect shipping)4.E.1.3 Analyze the historical and contemporary role that major North Carolina industries have played in the state, nation, and world. ( shipping)4.E.1.2 Understand how scarcity and choice in a market economy impacts business decisions. ( supplies sent to lighthouse, LIGHTHOUSE KEEPER books)4.E.2.2 Explain how limited personal financial resources affect the choices people make based on their wants and needs. ( supplies sent to lighthouse, LIGHTHOUSE KEEPER books)RI.4.3 Explain events, procedures, ideas, or concepts in a historical, scientific, or technical text, including what happened and why, based on specific information in the text.RI.4.4 Determine the meaning of general academic and domain specific words or phrases in a text relevant to a grade 4 topic or subject area.RI.4.5 Describe the overall structure of events, ideas, concepts, or information in a text or part of a text.
    Classifying ObjectiveStudents will use digital resources to research one of the seven historic lighthouses of North Carolina of their choice and create a digital display to share their learning. Students will apply concepts of electric circuits and  the DEP to design and  build a replica of their historic lighthouse.
    Project Outline
    AskHow can I apply what I have learned to design and build an illuminated freestanding model of a historic North Carolina lighthouse?
    ImagineHow will I utilize what I have learned about electric circuits to wire my lighthouse using the tools provided?How can I use the cardboard and construction tools provided to construct a free standing lighthouse?Which lighthouse will I build?  What shape is it’s design?
    PlanHow much wire will be needed to create this circuit?How tall can my lighthouse and base design be within this constraint?How can I shape the cardboard to create the design?Where will I need to use the Make-Do screws or tape to hold my design together?How will my base design allow the light house to  stand without support? Draw the design, label it with approximate measurements and materials required to build.
    CreateUtilize the Design and Engineering Process to construct a freestanding lighthouse. Assemble the electric circuitry to allow the structure to be light as needed and turned off to conserve power without dismantling your design.During each building session the teacher should pause to facilitate student discussion on what they have learned as they experience productive struggle and success .  Students should share their observations on working with the Makedo tools and cardboard as a construction medium. This peer discourse will inevitably lead to shared success and deeper understandings of engineering and design.
    ImproveStudents take notes and make sketches in a science/ social studies journal to document changes you make in each iteration.Do you need to change your original design after you first work with the materials? Plan and implement necessary improvements to make a final product that meets design criteria and constraints.Document the evolution of your design with digital photography, notes and a Seesaw reflection.
    Closure / Student ReflectionsStudents can showcase their final products using the digital media of their choice.Students will document the D.E.P. using Seesaw.  Students should create a digital display with basic facts on the historic North Carolina lighthouse they chose using pre selected images, websites and videos.
    Possible Modifications / ExtensionsThis project would be best for small groups. I recommend allowing additional time for individual projects within a socially distant classroom. Include D.E.P. photogs and notes in the lighthouse presentation.Use Makey Makey to create student audio clips of lighthouse facts.Create a timeline of the NC Lighthouse.Design Create a class museum. Invite family members & other classesResearch Ghost stories, rescue stories and war stories related to NC lighthouses.Create an LED illuminated greeting card or wall display of another North Carolina lighthouse.

     

     

     

     

    Epic! Books

    level J

     level I listening support

     

     

    FAQ lighthouses

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