This site is a lecture about crystal structure from Dr. Stephen Nelson ...

This site is a lecture about crystal structure from Dr. Stephen Nelson at Tulane University. Topics include axial ratios, intercepts of crystal faces (Weiss Parameters), determination of the Miller Index of a crystal, the modified notation of hexagonal systems, which is referred to as Miller-Bravais Indices, and using the Miller Index notation to designate crystal forms. Tables and illustrations accompany the text.

This math example explains what celestial objects a person can see with ...

This math example explains what celestial objects a person can see with the unaided eye from the vantage points of Earth and Mars, using simple math, algebra and astronomical distance information. This resource is from PUMAS - Practical Uses of Math and Science - a collection of brief examples created by scientists and engineers showing how math and science topics taught in K-12 classes have real world applications.

Students are presented with a graph of atmospheric becomes CO² values from ...

Students are presented with a graph of atmospheric becomes CO² values from Mauna Loa Observatory, and are asked to explore the data by creating a trend line using the linear equation, and then use the equation to predict future becomes CO² levels. Students are asked to describe qualitatively what they have determined mathematically, and suggest reasons for the patterns they observe in the data. A clue to the reason for the data patterning can be deduced by students by following up this activity with the resource, Seasonal Vegetation Changes. The data graph and a student worksheet is included with this activity. This is an activity from Space Update, a collection of resources and activities provided to teach about Earth and space. Summary background information, data and images supporting the activity are available on the Earth Update data site.

This is a remix of https://goopennc.oercommons.org/courseware/lesson/192 by Martha Levey and Toni Luther. This is a multi-day ...

This is a remix of https://goopennc.oercommons.org/courseware/lesson/192 by Martha Levey and Toni Luther. This is a multi-day unit on Cinderella and the many versions of the fairy tale. Students will listen to/read four versions of Cinderella identifying elements of culture and then compare/contrast two in groups. Then students will perform a reader's theater of one Cinderella story. The whole class will remix the Cinderella story to write a modern-day version that takes into account their own cultures.

This set of lecture notes about contact metamorphism contains information on contact ...

This set of lecture notes about contact metamorphism contains information on contact aureoles, isograds, thermal conductivity, and latent heat of crystallization. Albite-epidote hornfels, hornblende hornfels, pyroxene hornfels, and sanidinite facies are presented. Skarns are also discussed. A number of ternary diagrams and illustrations are included. This resource is part of the Teaching Petrology collection. http://serc.carleton.edu/NAGTWorkshops/petrology03/index.html

In this activity, student teams identify the locations of coral reefs around ...

In this activity, student teams identify the locations of coral reefs around the world, examine infrared satellite images of the Earth, and research the impacts that are threatening the survival of coral reefs. Each team creates a short oral presentation describing the coral reef they have researched. Students then plot on a composite map the locations where coral bleaching is occurring. Student worksheets, a teacher guide, and assessment rubric are included. This activity is part of Coastal Areas: Coral Reefs in Hot Water, part of the lesson series, The Potential Consequences of Climate Variability and Change.

Google Slides that can be used to have students practice their counting ...

Google Slides that can be used to have students practice their counting and cardinality skills. KCC1 (count by 1’s) , KCC4 (Understand the relationship between numbers and quantities), KCC5 (count to answer “how many.”

This site is a lecture from Tulane University that explores the symmetry ...

This site is a lecture from Tulane University that explores the symmetry observed in crystals. Topics covered include crystallographic axes, the crystal lattice, and unit cells. Tables and illustrations accompany the text.

This site is a lecture by Dr. Stephen Nelson from Tulane University ...

This site is a lecture by Dr. Stephen Nelson from Tulane University that discusses crystallographic calculations. Topics include a review of Miller indices, axial ratios, angles corresponding to a Miller Index, and angles between crystallographic axes in monoclinic or triclinic systems. Step by step examples of the calculations are provided, including associated illustrations and diagrams.

It is common in the real world to see mathematical examples where ...

It is common in the real world to see mathematical examples where the cents sign was used when the dollar sign was supposed to be used. Converting and comparing decimals and fractions can help clear up this misconception. Two real coupons clipped from a Sunday paper coupon section are included in this activity. This resource is from PUMAS - Practical Uses of Math and Science - a collection of brief examples created by scientists and engineers showing how math and science topics taught in K-12 classes have real world applications.

This math problem demonstrates the concept of geometric progression, through an example ...

This math problem demonstrates the concept of geometric progression, through an example of a million dollar contract between an employee and an employer. Application of the concept of geometric progression to social cause activism is addressed. This resource is from PUMAS - Practical Uses of Math and Science - a collection of brief examples created by scientists and engineers showing how math and science topics taught in K-12 classes have real world applications.

This lesson unit is intended to help you assess how well students ...

This lesson unit is intended to help you assess how well students are able to: solve simple problems involving ratio and direct proportion; choose an appropriate sampling method; and collect discrete data and record them using a frequency table.

This math problem determines the areas of simple and complex planar figures ...

This math problem determines the areas of simple and complex planar figures using measurement of mass and proportional constructs. Materials are inexpensive or easily found (poster board, scissors, ruler, sharp pencil, right angle), but also requires use of an analytical balance (suggestions are provided for working with less precise weighing tools). This resource is from PUMAS - Practical Uses of Math and Science - a collection of brief examples created by scientists and engineers showing how math and science topics taught in K-12 classes have real world applications.

This is a collection of mathematics problems relating to the moons of ...

This is a collection of mathematics problems relating to the moons of the solar system. Learners will use simple proportional relationships and work with fractions to study the relative sizes of the larger moons in our solar system, and explore how temperatures change from place to place using the Celsius and Kelvin scales.

This book introduces students to some of the most unusual places in ...

This book introduces students to some of the most unusual places in our galaxy outside of our solar system. Answering the question, "How many stars are in the sky?" introduces students to basic counting, tallying, and grouping techniques, as well as allowing for the use of simple proportions.

As science extension activities, this book of problems introduces students to mapping ...

As science extension activities, this book of problems introduces students to mapping the shape of the Milky Way galaxy, and how to identify the various kinds of galaxies in our universe. Students also learn about the shapes and sizes of other galaxies in our universe as they learn how to classify them. The math problems cover basic scientific notation skills and how they apply to working with astronomically large numbers. It also provides exercises in plotting points on a Cartesian plane to map the various features of our Milky Way.

This site is a lecture by Dr. Stephen Nelson from Tulane University ...

This site is a lecture by Dr. Stephen Nelson from Tulane University that explores the 32 possible combinations of symmetry operations that define the external symmetry of crystals. The lecture defines the six crystal systems (triclinic, monoclinic, orthorhombic, tetragonal, hexagonal, and isometric) and explains the derivation of the Hermann-Mauguin symbols (also called the international symbols) used to describe the crystal classes from the symmetry content. Tables and illustrations accompany the text.

These lecture notes are part of a series of lectures available on ...

These lecture notes are part of a series of lectures available on the geology department website at Tulane University. Topics covered include criteria for the classification of igneous rocks, field identification of minerals present in hand sample, thin section examination and chemical analysis. The general chemical classification covers silica content (silica saturation), aluminum saturation, and alkaline and subalkaline rocks. This resource is part of the Teaching Petrology collection. http://serc.carleton.edu/NAGTWorkshops/petrology03/index.html

Problem: How do you measure an angle with a protector, when that ...

Problem: How do you measure an angle with a protector, when that angle is between two solid walls? This resource is from PUMAS - Practical Uses of Math and Science - a collection of brief examples created by scientists and engineers showing how math and science topics taught in K-12 classes have real world applications.

This is an activity about utilizing proportional mathematics to determine the height ...

This is an activity about utilizing proportional mathematics to determine the height of lunar features. Learners will use the length of shadows to calculate the height of some of the lunar features. This activity is Astronomy Activity 6 in a larger resource entitled Space Update.

This is a booklet containing 15 problems that incorporate data and information ...

This is a booklet containing 15 problems that incorporate data and information from the Hinode solar observatory. The problems involve math skills such as finding the scale of an image to determine actual physical sizes in images, time calculations, volumes of cylinders, graph analysis, and scientific notation. Learners will use mathematics to explore solar science topics such as sunspot structure, spectroscopy, solar rotation, magnetic fields, density and temperature of hot gases, and solar flares. This booklet can be found on the Space Math@NASA website.

This set of three videos illustrates how math is used in satellite ...

This set of three videos illustrates how math is used in satellite data analysis. The videos feature NASA senior climate scientist Claire Parkinson. Parkinson explains how the Arctic and Antarctic sea ice covers are measured from satellite data and how math is used to determine trends in the data. In the first video, she leads viewers from satellite data collection through obtaining a time series of monthly average sea ice extents for November 1978 – December 2012, for the Arctic and Antarctic. In the second video, she begins with the time series from the first video, removes the seasonal cycle by calculating yearly averages, and proceeds to calculate the slopes of the lines to get trends in the data, revealing decreasing sea ice coverage in the Arctic and increasing sea ice coverage in the Antarctic. In the third video, she uses a more advanced technique to remove the seasonal cycle and shows that the trends are close to the same, whichever method is used. She emphasizes the power of math and that the techniques shown for satellite sea ice data can also be applied to a wide range of data sets.

Ecology is the study of the relationships between living organisms, including humans, ...

Ecology is the study of the relationships between living organisms, including humans, and their physical environment; it seeks to understand the vital connections between plants and animals and the world around them. Ecology also provides information about the benefits of ecosystems and how we can use Earth’s resources in ways that leave the environment healthy for future generations. The many specialties within ecology provide us with information to better understand the world around us. This information also can help us improve our environment, manage our natural resources, and protect human health.

These lecture notes present a discussion of mineralogical classification of granitic rocks, ...

These lecture notes present a discussion of mineralogical classification of granitic rocks, definitions of hypersolvus and subsolvus granites, tectonic and chemical classification, and depth of emplacement of granites. Other topics include pegmatites, continental rhyolites, origin of large volumes of silicic magma, continental flood basalts, continental rift valleys, evolution of rock suites, and peralkaline rhyolites. The notes are in outline format and contain instructional figures, including ternary diagrams. This resource is part of the Teaching Petrology collection. http://serc.carleton.edu/NAGTWorkshops/petrology03/index.html

This set of lecture notes discusses the occurrence and tectonic settings of ...

This set of lecture notes discusses the occurrence and tectonic settings of igneous rocks near convergent plate margins. A discussion of petrography includes major element composition, calc-alkaline trends in ternary diagrams, trace element variations, isotopes to distinguish magma sources, and the origin of igneous rocks at convergent margins. The lecture notes include helpful illustrations, maps and phase diagrams. This resource is part of the Teaching Petrology collection. http://serc.carleton.edu/NAGTWorkshops/petrology03/index.html

These lecture notes introduce magmatism and petrology as they relate to the ...

These lecture notes introduce magmatism and petrology as they relate to the oceanic lithosphere. The notes cover ophiolite sequences and types of volcanic settings found in ocean basins. A section about basalt includes discussion of location, composition and origin of mid-ocean ridge basalts. Ocean island basalts are further discussed with regards to occurrence, composition and origin. These notes include graphs, maps and phase diagrams. This resource is part of the Teaching Petrology collection. http://serc.carleton.edu/NAGTWorkshops/petrology03/index.html

This is a booklet containing 11 problem sets and 9 "Extra for ...

This is a booklet containing 11 problem sets and 9 "Extra for Experts" challenges. Learners use provided textual information to determine the scale (e.g., kilometers per millimeter) for images of the lunar surface, Mars, planets, stars and galaxies and then identify the smallest and largest features in the images according to their actual physical sizes. These problems involve measurement, dividing whole numbers, decimal mathematics, and scaling principles. Each set of problems is contained on one page. This booklet can be found on the Space Math@NASA website.

This is an activity about using solar arrays to provide power to ...

This is an activity about using solar arrays to provide power to the space station. Learners will solve a scenario-based problem by calculating surface areas and determining the amount of power or electricity the solar arrays can create. This is mathematics activity 1 of 2 found in the ISS L.A.B.S. Educator Resource Guide.

This site consists of an introductory lecture on crystal symmetry and symmetry ...

This site consists of an introductory lecture on crystal symmetry and symmetry operations. It provides the definition of a mineral and then covers topics including different types of rotational symmetry, mirror symmetry, the center of symmetry, different types of rotoinversion, and combinations of symmetry operations. Drawings help illustrate the concepts presented in the lecture.

These lecture notes provide an introduction to igneous rocks. The notes cover ...

These lecture notes provide an introduction to igneous rocks. The notes cover information about characteristics of magmas, plutonic rocks, volcanic rocks, and textures of igneous rocks. There are several illustrations within the text. This resource is part of the Teaching Petrology collection. http://serc.carleton.edu/NAGTWorkshops/petrology03/index.html

This Introduction to Petrography homepage from the University of Houston contains a ...

This Introduction to Petrography homepage from the University of Houston contains a variety of instructional materials. Topics covered include tectonics, the rock cycle, mineralogy, sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic petrology, classification, phase diagrams, and magmatic differentiation. There are also links to 5 virtual field trips; Central hill country of Texas, Mohawk Valley field trip, virtual climb Stromboli, Big Bend, and Ring Mountain. There are comprehensive lecture notes, self quizzes, exercises and labs included on the page. This resource is part of the Teaching Petrology collection. http://serc.carleton.edu/NAGTWorkshops/petrology03/index.html

This example shows how Newton's laws of motion apply to aircraft carriers ...

This example shows how Newton's laws of motion apply to aircraft carriers and introduces the lift equation: the amount of lift depends on the air density, the wind velocity, and the surface area of the wings. The problems stress the importance of units of measure. This resource is from PUMAS - Practical Uses of Math and Science - a collection of brief examples created by scientists and engineers showing how math and science topics taught in K-12 classes have real world applications.

The Maryland Science Center is working with formal education providers in local ...

The Maryland Science Center is working with formal education providers in local underserved schools around a combined project including an interactive exhibit, a Davis Planetarium program and associated Educator Workshops, and will provide outreach to the informal science education community to explore the subject of Astrobiology. Topics covered in both the exhibit and the Davis Planetarium program will include Earthly extremophiles (organisms that survive in extreme conditions), potential other life in the Solar System, locations on nearby worlds where life may exist, the search for exoplanets, the techniques used to discover them, and the NASA missions engaged in the hunt. With an engaging, interactive approach, the exhibit will detail the challenges, questions and techniques of the search for exoplanets, especially Earth-like worlds. The exhibit will help visitors understand the scale of both the Milky Way galaxy and the Universe, and by doing so comprehend the difficulty in searching for other worlds, especially smaller Earth-like worlds.

Using three images from the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) mission, students ...

Using three images from the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) mission, students measure and analyze infrared light from objects to identify Brown Dwarfs and Ultra-Luminous Infrared Galaxies (ULIRGs). The lesson includes a teacher’s guide, student worksheet and PowerPoint presentation (which contains the three images to be analyzed).

This set of lecture notes covers a number of topics including magmatic ...

This set of lecture notes covers a number of topics including magmatic differentiation, chemical variation in rock suites, partial melting, fractional melting, crystal fractionation, Bowen's reaction series, and magma mixing. Graphs discussed include oxides vs. SiO2, and MgO vs. SiO2. The notes are arranged in outline form and contain many informative diagrams. This resource is part of the Teaching Petrology collection. http://serc.carleton.edu/NAGTWorkshops/petrology03/index.html

This is a lesson about magnetism in solar flares. Learners will map ...

This is a lesson about magnetism in solar flares. Learners will map magnetic fields around bar magnets and investigate how this configuration relates to magnetic fields of sunspots. This activity requires compasses, bar magnets, and a equipment for the instructor to project a PowerPoint or pdf lecture presentation. This is Activity 1 in the Exploring Magnetism in Solar Flares teachers guide.

This set of lecture notes covers factors affecting the mineral assemblages in ...

This set of lecture notes covers factors affecting the mineral assemblages in metamorphic rocks. Topics covered include the phase rule in metamorphism, progressive (prograde) metamorphism, and retrograde metamorphism. Ternary diagrams and chemical reactions are used to explain progressive metamorphism. This resource is part of the Teaching Petrology collection. http://serc.carleton.edu/NAGTWorkshops/petrology03/index.html

These lecture notes cover types of metamorphic reactions. Topics discussed include univariant ...

These lecture notes cover types of metamorphic reactions. Topics discussed include univariant and divariant reactions, mineral compatibility diagrams (AFM ternary), metamorphic reaction mechanisms, and metamorphic field gradients. The notes contain many ternary diagrams and graphs illustrating the relationship between pressure, temperature, and mineral composition. This resource is part of the Teaching Petrology collection. http://serc.carleton.edu/NAGTWorkshops/petrology03/index.html

These lecture notes discuss metamorphic textures and the mechanisms that create them. ...

These lecture notes discuss metamorphic textures and the mechanisms that create them. A discussion of foliation covers types of stress and the development of foliated rocks from slate to gneiss. Five modes of metamorphic differentiation are introduced including preservation of original compositional layering, transposition of original bedding, solution and re-precipitation, preferential nucleation, and migmatization. There are a number of helpful instructional diagrams included in the notes. This resource is part of the Teaching Petrology collection. http://serc.carleton.edu/NAGTWorkshops/petrology03/index.html

In this activity, students learn about the advantages of the metric system, ...

In this activity, students learn about the advantages of the metric system, by comparing the ease of calculation and conversion between the English and metric systems of measurement. This resource is from PUMAS - Practical Uses of Math and Science - a collection of brief examples created by scientists and engineers showing how math and science topics taught in K-12 classes have real world applications.

In this activity, students learn about the changing configuration of the continents ...

In this activity, students learn about the changing configuration of the continents over geological time resulting from plate tectonics. Using a map pair, students measure the difference in distance between continents 94 million years ago and today, and calculate the speed at which the plates have moved. The resource includes the images and a student worksheet. This is an activity from Space Update, a collection of resources and activities provided to teach about Earth and space. Summary background information, data and images supporting the activity are available on the Earth Update data site.

This is a lesson about the solar wind, Earth's magnetosphere, and the ...

This is a lesson about the solar wind, Earth's magnetosphere, and the Moon. Participants will work in groups of two or three to build a model of the Sun-Earth-Moon system. They will use the model to demonstrate that the Earth is protected from particles streaming out of the Sun, called the solar wind, by a magnetic shield called the magnetosphere, and that the Moon is periodically protected from these particles as it moves in its orbit around the Earth. Participants will also learn that the NASA ARTEMIS mission is a pair of satellites orbiting the Moon that measure the intensity of solar particles streaming from the Sun.

This is a collection of outreach resources about the Sun that are ...

This is a collection of outreach resources about the Sun that are meant to be used in informal education settings. This toolkit was originally designed for NASA Night Sky Network member clubs and the Astronomical Society of the Pacific's Astronomy from the Ground Up network of museum and science center educators. The toolkit includes background information about the Sun, magnetic fields of the Earth and Sun, and space weather, activity suggestions, and detailed activity scripts. The themes of this toolkit address both the constant nature of the Sun as a reliable source of energy and the dynamic nature of the Sun due to its changing magnetic fields. The activities and related materials in this collection include The Sun in a Different Light - Observing the Sun, Explore the Sun cards, Magnetic Connection, the Space Weather PowerPoint, Protection from Ultraviolet, and Where Does the Energy Come From cards. These activities can be done separately or as a group as part of an informal education event. Institutions that are not part of the Night Sky Network will need to acquire the various materials required for each activity.

This site is the home page for the petrography and petrology class ...

This site is the home page for the petrography and petrology class at Brock University. The site presents general information about igneous petrology, nomenclature and classification information, modal and normative analysis, and the chemistry of igneous rocks. Further topics discussed include fractionation, hybridization and assimilation, and fractional crystallization, as well as types of metamorphism, compositional groups, and Barrovian metamorphism. The information is presented as a sequence of text slides with linked figures. This resource is part of the Teaching Petrology collection. http://serc.carleton.edu/NAGTWorkshops/petrology03/index.html

This site is the homepage for a petrology class. The primary feature ...

This site is the homepage for a petrology class. The primary feature of this site is a comprehensive set of lecture notes. There are 18 separate lectures encompassing igneous and metamorphic petrology and related topics. Lectures include text, figures, maps, and tables, and are available in either HTML format or as PDF files. This resource is part of the Teaching Petrology collection. http://serc.carleton.edu/NAGTWorkshops/petrology03/index.html

Explain the process of mineral crystallization and phase relationships as a function ...

Explain the process of mineral crystallization and phase relationships as a function of temperature and pressure. Topics covered include the phase rule, one-component systems (unary), two-component systems (binary), and three-component systems (ternary), as well as equilibrium crystallization, equilibrium melting, fractional crystallization, and fractional melting. Diagrams and definitions are integrated into the lecture notes.

In this problem-based learning activity, students are presented with the scenario that ...

In this problem-based learning activity, students are presented with the scenario that they are representatives of an organization that is tasked with evaluating the potential effects of a warming climate on New England forests. Student worksheets, teacher guide, and assessment rubric are included. The resource is part of Forests: A Sticky Situation, from the lesson series The Potential Consequences of Climate Variability and Change.

Using the simple example of calculating the probability of reaching a traffic ...

Using the simple example of calculating the probability of reaching a traffic light while green, students are shown how to build a mathematical model using a very commonly-taught formula (sum of first n integers) to solve a rather practical problem. This resource is from PUMAS - Practical Uses of Math and Science - a collection of brief examples created by scientists and engineers showing how math and science topics taught in K-12 classes have real world applications.

Learn how to increase engagement and retention in your classroom. Edutopia's professional ...

Learn how to increase engagement and retention in your classroom. Edutopia's professional development PBL teaching module is designed for either a two- to three-hour class or session or a one- to two-day workshop, and is divided into two parts.Part one, Guided Process, designed to give participants a brief introduction to PBL, answers the questions "What is PBL about?" "Why is PBL important?" and "How does PBL work?" The Guided Process also includes the Teaching About PBL section as well as a PowerPoint presentation (including presenter notes), which can be shown directly from the Web site or can be downloaded for use as a stand-alone slide show.Part two, Group Participation, assigns readings and activities for experiential PBL. Ideally, the tasks will be accomplished using group collaboration and with the use of technology.

This Flexbook is community contributed through ck12.org. It covers three lessons on ...

This Flexbook is community contributed through ck12.org. It covers three lessons on the Pythagorean Theorem. 1) Introduction and Determining if the Triangle is a Right Triangle, 2) Finding the Hypotenuse, and 3) Finding a leg. It includes step by step instructions, application problems, and answers (at the end of each lesson). Ck12.org material is downloadable, editable, and accessible offline and online.

This set of lecture notes covers the concept of radiometric dating. Topics ...

This set of lecture notes covers the concept of radiometric dating. Topics covered include half-life, parent, and daughter isotopes, Rb/Sr systems, and Ur/Th/Pb systems. Determination of the age of the earth and meteorites are discussed using the geochron. Other methods of dating (Sm/Nd, K/Ar, and Carbon 14) are discussed briefly. This resource is part of the Teaching Petrology collection. http://serc.carleton.edu/NAGTWorkshops/petrology03/index.html

These lecture notes provide several examples of regional metamorphism. The notes introduce ...

These lecture notes provide several examples of regional metamorphism. The notes introduce Barrovian Facies metamorphism, using the classic example of the Dalradian and Moinian Series of Scotland. A Barrovian series in the southern Appalachians is also discussed. The Buchan facies series is discussed briefly. Two high-pressure facies series are discussed, the Franciscan in the western US and the Sanbagawa in Japan. Index minerals and paired metamorphic belts are also discussed. The lecture notes contain several geologic maps. This resource is part of the Teaching Petrology collection. http://serc.carleton.edu/NAGTWorkshops/petrology03/index.html

This collection of 103 individual sets of math problems derives from images ...

This collection of 103 individual sets of math problems derives from images and data generated by NASA remote sensing technology. Whether used as a challenge activity, enrichment activity and/or a formative assessment, the problems allow students to engage in authentic applications of math. Each set consists of one page of math problems (one to six problems per page) and an accompanying answer key. Based on complexity, the problem sets are designated for two grade level groups: 6-8 and 9-12. Also included is an introduction to remote sensing, a matrix aligning the problem sets to specific math topics, and four problems for beginners (grades 3-5).

No restrictions on your remixing, redistributing, or making derivative works. Give credit to the author, as required.

Your remixing, redistributing, or making derivatives works comes with some restrictions, including how it is shared.

Your redistributing comes with some restrictions. Do not remix or make derivative works.

Most restrictive license type. Prohibits most uses, sharing, and any changes.

Copyrighted materials, available under Fair Use and the TEACH Act for US-based educators, or other custom arrangements. Go to the resource provider to see their individual restrictions.